In the United States, the number of women farmers has grown dramatically in just the past five years – with a 30 percent increase in women farm operators from 2007 to 2012. And the Midwest is leading the way in giving a voice to women in agriculture. Chicago-resident Erika Allen was featured in the book Farmer Jane for her food security activism and her artistic vision of Chicago as a city that produces for its food and energy needs. And the Women, Food, and Agriculture Network (WFAN) is connecting women farmers, ranchers, landowners, students, and activists to one another about sustainable agriculture practices.
Women operate 14 percent of the two million farms in the United States, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. And in some developing countries, women comprise up to 80 percent of the agricultural labor force.
But in developing countries, women farmers need more investment to overcome the agricultural gender gap that hinders their productivity. Women farmers typically achieve yields that are 20-30 percent lower than men, according to the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization. Studies suggest, however, that women could achieve the same yields as men if given equal access to resources – including inputs, land, credit, and loans.
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